基調講演 5 長嶺爲泰 Oscar J.T. Nagamine

■日本語
私(長嶺爲泰・オスカル)のWUBとの関りについて 

沖縄県は100年以上前から海外への移住者がおり、現在30万人以上のウチナーンチュ系が海外で生活しています。
沖縄は琉球王国時代から薩摩の支配を受け、後に沖縄県として日本に併合されました。
第二次世界大戦では日本本土を守るために20万人以上の犠牲者を出し、沖縄は焦土と化しました。

敗戦後は軍事基地としてアメリカの支配下に入り、先祖代々からの土地を強制的に接収され、日本復帰から45年経っている今なお深刻な基地問題を抱えています。
私は1943年に当時は日本の統治下であった台湾で生まれ、敗戦に伴い両親の故郷沖縄へ戻り、

1954年、11歳の時に戦後初めて琉球政府主導の行政移民の一員として両親と共にボリビアに移住しました。
原生林のうるま移住地入植直後は未完成の住居で星空を眺めながら夜を過ごし、初期の2か月間は食糧不足ゆえの粗食、水不足のために塩水を飲まざるを得ない生活を体験しました。

又、入植後3ヶ月目頃から、私を含む移住者の大半がうるま病と言われる未知の熱帯病に罹り、入植6ヶ月の間に15名の犠牲者が出た中で、私は九死に一生を得、命の尊さを学び、生きているということに感謝しています。

その後はうるま病から緊急避難するために移転、入植3年目にして3度目の移転で現在のコロニアオキナワの地に定住、無償で50ヘクタールの土地が各家族に配分されて待望に燃えた原生林の開拓が本格的に始まりました。
生活が安定してくると、教育が必要であるとの父の意向で私は移住地から解放、都会に移り、丁稚奉公をしながら夜間小学校に通い言葉の修得や現地社会との絆を深めました。

移住者・ウチナーンチュとして多くの苦難もありましたが、幸いにも友人に恵まれ、そしてチャンスにも恵まれて現地社会の一員として活躍し、ブラジル銀行支店開設に参加する事となりました。偶然にも1971年に東京支店開設にあたり日本へ転勤し、定年まで勤めて現在に至ります。

初期海外移住者としての経験により、移住者の体験、ボリビア・ブラジル社会や日本の中心地東京での体験に恵まれ、各地域でのウチナーンチュの苦労や生活、現地社会(ボリビア、ブラジル、南米、日本)の経済・文化を学び、その過程でWUBとの出会いがあります。

WUBに参加する事によってハワイのWUB創設者ボブ仲宗根氏(国際人)、沖縄の呉屋守将氏、牧志泰三氏(沖縄経済・文化人)、ブラジルのシンジ与那嶺氏(とーとーめー研究者)の素晴らしい先輩会長達との出会いに恵まれ、加えて沖縄や世界各地で活躍しているウチナーンチュとの出会いが広がり、

毎年の世界各地でのWUBネットワークの集いに参加し、いろいろな国々の文化・経済・社会や沖縄の歴史・文化等を学ぶ事ができました。WUBネットワークこそが故郷沖縄と世界各地に住んでいるウチナーンチュの絆を深め、纏める役割を果しえるのではと希望を持っています。

ウチナーンチュのイチャリバチョウデー精神(出会えばみんな兄弟)、ユイマール(互いに協力し合う)、沖縄の祖先を大切にする感謝の気持ち(命どう宝)、ナンクルナイサの明るい前向きな文化(三味線や歌・踊り)は世界のどの国でも通用・共有できると考えます。

私のWUBでの一番の思い出は2014年、ボリビアの地にて歴代会長が集い纏め、第18回WUB世界大会・ペルーにて発表できた「沖縄“平和経済”宣言」と「沖縄から世界へ“平和経済”の発展を願う 宣言文」が長い年月の集いから得たWUB活動の結晶だと信じています。(別途参照)

WUBネットワークの益々の発展を願っております。

WUBネットワーク5代目会長 長嶺爲泰・オスカル

ハワイ、2017年9月1日

■英語

(English Translation)

My relationship with WUB Network

Okinawa Prefecture has sent immigrants to overseas for over 100 years and now more than 300,000 Uchinanchus live abroad now.
Okinawa was ruled over in Satsuma during the Ryukyu Kingdom period and was merged with Japan later as Okinawa Prefecture.
During World War II, 200,000 or more became victims to protect mainland Japan, Okinawa was burnt to the ground.

After the defeat, Okinawa entered under the US military control and land from our ancestors were forcibly taken. Although it’s been 45 years since after Okinawa’s reversion to Japan, Okinawa still faces serious US military base issues.
I was born in Taiwan in 1943. At that time, Taiwan was under Japanese control, and returned to my parents’ hometown Okinawa following the defeat.

In 1954, I emigrated to Bolivia with parents as the first group of the Ryukyu Government-led emigration program. I was 11 years old.
During settlement at the Uruma Colony of the virgin forest in Bolivia, I spent the nights looking at the starry sky with an unfinished residence and experienced a life that I had no choice but to drink salt water due to food and water shortage for the first 2 months.

After 3 months of settlement, most of the immigrants including myself suffered from an unknown tropical disease called ”Uruma Disease”, and 15 people were died during 6 months of settlement. I was affected but luckily I recovered. I am grateful that I gain life through death, I learned the preciousness of live.

Afterward we relocated to rescue from Uruma disease for emergency evacuation, settled in Colonia Okinawa, for the third time in the third year of settlement. 50hectors of land free of charge was allocated to each family  and long-waited development of the virgin forest started in full swing.

When life was settled, my father wanted me to get education. I was free from Colonia and moved to the city. I attended elementary school by night while doing apprenticeship. I learned language, I deepened the ties with local society.

Although there were many hardships as Uchinanchu immigrants, fortunately I was blessed with friends and endowed in opportunity and played an active part as a member of the local society, and I was selected as a preparatory member of opening Banco do Brazil Tokyo Branch office.
In 1971, I was transferred to Tokyo when it opened Tokyo branch and I worked there until my retirement.

With experience as an initial migrant, I am blessed with experiences, Bolivia, Brazil society, and Tokyo the center of Japan. My experience of hardships, learning culture, economies in each areas (Bolivia, Brazil, South America, Japan) led to encounter WUB.

By participating WUB, I met great people, especially I was fortunate to get to know WUB Network former Presidents. Bob Nakasone, Founder of WUB, is an International person, Morimasa Goya, Taizo Makishi are leaders of Okinawa economy and intellectuals, Shinji Yonamine, researcher of Okinawa To-to-me(ancestral study).

I participated in WUB meetings every year at different part of the world, I was able to learn about their culture, economy, society and history, and I rediscovered Okinawan history and culture as well.

I am hoping that WUB Network has the duty and the power to combine and deepens the bond of Uchinanchu living in hometown Okinawa and Uchinanchu all around the world.

Uchinanchu “Ichariba Chodee” spirit (Once we meet, we are all brothers and sisters) and “Yui-Maaru”(Cooperate with others), “Nuchi do Takara” (thankfulness of life and treasure ancestors), bright and positive culture of “Nankuru Naisa” (Sanshinn, song, dance) can be applied and shared in any country of the world.

My best memories when I was a President is announcement of ‘Okinawa ”Peace Economy” Statement’ and ‘Declaration Statement from Okinawa Wishing the Development of a “Peace Economy”’. It was in 2014, WUB Network past presidents, Chapter Presidents, officials, gathered together in hotel lobby in Bolivia and discussed and integrated opinions.

We were able to announce at the 18th WUB Network Conference in Peru. I believe both Statement and Declaration are a crystal of WUB activities obtained from gatherings of many years. (Please see separate paper)

I wish for the further development of WUB Network.

September 1, 2017

Oscar Tameyasu Nagamine
5th WUB Network President

— posted by admin at 10:52 pm  

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